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    Living Reference Work Entry In depth

    Mind-Brain Dualism and Its Place in Mental Health Care

    2020欧洲杯体育官方网站 This chapter begins by setting out and explaining the doctrine of “substance dualism”, according to which the mind and the brain are distinct and mutually independent “substances”. It then examines the merits ...

    Eric Matthews in Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine

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    Evidence-Based Medicine in Theory and Practice: Epistemological and Normative Issues

    Evidence-based medicine (EBM) emerged during the 1990s, with the aim of improving clinical practice by increasing the extent to which clinical care was informed by medical research, particularly randomized con...

    Wendy Rogers, Katrina Hutchison in Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine

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    Hope, Despair, and Other Strategies of Patients

    2020欧洲杯体育官方网站 Is hope an emotion or a virtue? Is a patient’s hope measurable? Philosophers and healthcare researches have differed in their approaches and answers to such questions, but some areas of greater clarity and con...

    Kenneth Boyd in Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine

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    Nursing as Caring

    2020欧洲杯体育官方网站 Nursing is generally considered to appeal to those who wish to care. It is not that doctors do not care but rather that the curative focus that comes with the practice of medicine can be interpreted as emphasi...

    Derek Sellman in Handbook of the Philosophy of Medicine

  5. 2020欧洲杯体育官方网站 Journal

    Philosophical Studies

    Volume 1 / 1950 - Volume 177 / 2020

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    2020欧洲杯体育官方网站 Article

    Moore’s proof, theory-ladenness of perception, and many proofs

    I argue that if we allow that Moore’s Method, which involves taking an ordinary knowledge claim to support a substantive metaphysical conclusion, can be used to support Moore’s proof an external world, then we...

    Mark Walker in Philosophical Studies (2020)

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    2020欧洲杯体育官方网站 Article

    Material through and through

    Materialists about human persons think that we are material through and through—wholly material beings. Those who endorse materialism more widely think that everything is material through and through. But what...

    Andrew M. Bailey in Philosophical Studies (2020)

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    Moore, Brentano, and Scanlon: a defense of indefinability

    2020欧洲杯体育官方网站 Mooreans claim that intrinsic goodness is a conceptual primitive. Fitting-attitude theorists object: they say that goodness should be defined in terms of what it is fitting for us to value. The Moorean view is...

    Miles Tucker in Philosophical Studies (2020)

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    Open Access

    On behalf of a bi-level account of trust

    A bi-level account of trust is developed and defended, one with relevance in ethics as well as epistemology. The proposed account of trust—on which trusting is modelled within a virtue-theoretic framework as a pe...

    J. Adam Carter in Philosophical Studies (2020)

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    Open Access

    Conjoined twinning & biological individuation

    2020欧洲杯体育官方网站 In dicephalus conjoined twinning, it appears that two heads share a body; in cephalopagus, it appears that two bodies share a head. How many human animals are present in these cases? One answer is that there a...

    Alexandria Boyle in Philosophical Studies (2020)

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    Experimental philosophy and the fruitfulness of normative concepts

    This paper provides a new argument for the relevance of empirical research to moral and political philosophy and a novel defense of the positive program in experimental philosophy. The argument centers on the ...

    Matthew Lindauer in Philosophical Studies (2020)

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    Open Access

    Strong Pluralism, Coincident Objects and Haecceitism

    2020欧洲杯体育官方网站 According to strong pluralism, objects distinct by virtue of their modal properties can coincide. The most common objection towards such view invokes the so-called Grounding Problem according to which the stro...

    Karol Lenart, Artur Szachniewicz in Axiomathes (2020)

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    Wigner’s Puzzle on Applicability of Mathematics: On What Table to Assemble It?

    2020欧洲杯体育官方网站 Attempts at solving what has been labeled as Eugene Wigner’s puzzle of applicability of mathematics are still far from arriving at an acceptable solution. The accounts developed to explain the “miracle” of app...

    Cătălin Bărboianu in Axiomathes (2020)

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    2020欧洲杯体育官方网站 Article

    Weighing epistemic and practical reasons for belief

    This paper is about how epistemic and practical reasons for belief can be compared against one another when they conflict. It provides a model for determining what one ought to believe, all-things-considered, ...

    Christopher Howard in Philosophical Studies (2020)

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    Open Access

    The good of today depends not on the good of tomorrow: a constraint on theories of well-being

    This article addresses three questions about well-being. First, is well-being future-sensitive? I.e., can present well-being depend on future events? Second, is well-being recursively dependent? I.e., can present...

    Owen C. King in Philosophical Studies (2020)

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    Greatest surprise reduction semantics: an information theoretic solution to misrepresentation and disjunction

    Causal theories of content, a popular family of approaches to defining the content of mental states, commonly run afoul of two related and serious problems that prevent them from providing an adequate theory o...

    D. E. Weissglass in Philosophical Studies (2020)

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    Two Models of the Subject–Properties Structure

    2020欧洲杯体育官方网站 In the paper I discuss the problem of the nature of the relationship between objects and their properties. There are three contexts of the problem: of comparison, of change and of interaction. Philosophical ex...

    Marek Piwowarczyk in Axiomathes (2020)

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    2020欧洲杯体育官方网站 Article

    A defense of the very idea of moral deference pessimism

    Pessimists think that there is something wrong with relying on deference for one’s moral beliefs—at least if one is morally mature. Call this no deference. They also tend to think that what explains our aversion ...

    Max Lewis in Philosophical Studies (2020)

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    The fitting resolution of anger

    How can we explain the rational diminution of backward-looking emotions (e.g., grief, regret, and anger) without resorting to pragmatic or wrong kind of reason explanations? That is to say, how can the diminut...

    Oded Na’aman in Philosophical Studies (2020)

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    Science, substance and spatial appearances

    2020欧洲杯体育官方网站 According to a certain kind of naïve or folk understanding of physical matter, everyday ‘solid’ objects are composed of a homogeneous, gap-less substance, with sharply defined boundaries, which wholly fills th...

    Thomas Raleigh in Philosophical Studies (2020)

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